Kipling, Rudyard

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Portrait of Rudyard Kipling (click to view image source)
Rudyard Kipling
(to view image author and license, click here)
Name
Kipling, Rudyard Gender: M
Joseph Rudyard Kipling
born on 30 December 1865 at 22:00 (= 10:00 PM )
Place Bombay, India, 18n58, 72e50
Timezone LMT m72e50 (is local mean time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Rodden
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 09°06' s_mo.18.gif s_gemcol.18.gif 18°14 Asc.s_vircol.18.gif 10°18'



Biography

British writer born in India; a poet, novelist and journalist who, more than anyone, captured the spirit of British Rule in India. Kipling first worked as a journalist on the Allahabad Pioneer in India, later moving to England. Some of his most famous works are "The Jungle Book," 1894, "Captains Courageous," 1897, and an autobiography, "Something of Myself," which was published posthumously in 1937. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1907, the first English-language writer to have that honor.

When Rudyard was born, his father, John Lockwood Kipling, was serving as principle of the Jeejeebyhoy Art School in Bombay, India. His mother, Alice Macdonald Kipling, had three sisters who had married well. Among his uncles were Sir Edward Burne-Jones and Sir Edward Poynter, both famous painters, and Alfred Baldwin, a future Prime Minister. Family connections were very important in his early life, and the years before he turned six were reportedly idyllic. In 1871, however, the Kipling family returned to England, and things changed drastically. His parents stayed in England for only six months, and when they returned to India, they left young Rudyard and his three-year-old sister with a foster family, the Holloways of Southsea. Over the next five years, he was bullied and physically mistreated, and as a result, he was left with a sense of betrayal and deep psychological wounds.

Kipling attended the United Services College at Westward Ho in North Devon from 1878-82. Once again the physically frail and nearsighted young man was teased and bullied. Despite the rough treatment that he endured, he developed a fierce loyalty to the College where he had developed his love of literature. He returned to India after completing his education, and spent the next seven years working various jobs and writing about India. "Departmental Ditties," his first volume of poetry, was published in 1886, and during the years of 1887-89, he published six volumes of short stories including "Plain Tales from the Hills," the first volume of the "Indian Railway Series."

In 1889, Kipling returned to England after a stop in the United States. With his reputation as a brilliant writer already established, his success continued to grow by leaps and bounds. In 1890, his first novel, "The Light that Failed," was released but it enjoyed only moderate success. In 1892, however, the publication of "Barrack-Room Ballads" further cemented his popularity and critical acclaim. A planned trip around the world in 1891 was cut short after stops in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and India. This marked his last visit to India, and shortly after this, he wrote some of his most famous works. In 1917, he published "A Diversity of Creatures," a collection of short stories. Although Kipling had never served in the military, he used his writings to encourage patriotism and believed that it was England’s destiny to become a great empire. As he grew older, however, he became more and more out of touch with political, social and moral realities, and the tone of his writings changed drastically.

In 1892, Kipling married Caroline Balestier, an American. While they honeymooned as far away as Japan, they eventually settled down at his wife’s home in Vermont. Not completely happy with this development, Kipling eventually returned to England alone in 1899. He went back to the U.S. later that year when his six-year-old daughter Josephine died, an experience that deeply affected him. His son John, born in August 1897, was killed in a World War I battle on 9/27/1915, and as a result, Kipling became withdrawn and was said to have a "new inwardness of vision." It is said that he went from being the "soldiers’ author" to being the "poet of bitterness and guilt," and thereafter, he spent much of his time listing soldiers who had been lost in battle and working for the War Graves Commission.

Throughout his life, he suffered from episodes of poor health, and between 1900-08, he spent every winter in South Africa for his health. Kipling died 1/18/1936, London, England.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

Events

  • Family : Change residence 1871 (Family moved to England)
  • Social : Begin a program of study 1878 (United Services College)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1890 (First novel released)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1892 (Caroline Balestier)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1894 (Noted book released)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1897 (Noted book released)
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities August 1897 (Son John born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Child 1899 (Daughter Josephine died)
  • Work : Prize 1907 (Awarded the Nobel Prize for literature)
  • Death of Child 27 September 1915 (John killed in WW I)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death, Cause unspecified 18 January 1936 at 12:00 noon in London, England (Age 70)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1937 (Posthumous autobiography released)

Source Notes

David Fisher quotes Andrew Lycett, "Rudyard Kipling," Weidenfield & Nicholson, 1999, p.9, "The chubby infant made his entrance at ten o'clock on the evening of December 30th..."

(Formerly, Sabian Symbols No.525 and NN No.990 both gave 4:53 PM and Bordoni quoted Bethron for 4:30 PM)

Categories

  • Traits : Body : Constitution sensitive (Bouts of illness)
  • Traits : Personality : Eccentric
  • Traits : Personality : Personality vulnerable (Felt betrayed by parents)
  • Traits : Personality : Solitary/ Introvert (Withdrawn in latter years)
  • Family : Childhood : Abuse - Physical/ Verbal (During foster years)
  • Family : Childhood : Family noted (Uncles)
  • Family : Childhood : Memories Bad (Unhappy after parents left)
  • Family : Childhood : Order of birth (First of two, younger sister)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Two, one daughter and one son)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (Daughter died in youth, son died in battle WW I)
  • Vocation : Travel : Adventurer
  • Vocation : Writers : Autobiographer (Posthumous publication)
  • Vocation : Writers : Columnist/ journalist (Journalist)
  • Vocation : Writers : Fiction (Famed novels, short stories)
  • Vocation : Writers : Poet
  • Notable : Awards : Nobel prize (Literature)
  • Notable : Book Collection : American Book

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